Grammar : past simple negative & interrogative
Towns and Cities
1. Vocabulary: Places in town
Match the names to the photos, which three places are not in the photos?
|Football stadium||Bowling alley||Market|
|Sports centre||Skate park||Park|
2. Match the sentences with the places in exercise 1
- You can swim in this place.
- We go skateboarding there every weekend.
- There are shops and restaurants there.
- We go to see films in this place.
- We go bowling there with friends.
- I go to this place with my dog. It’s got a lot of trees.
- You can buy comics, clothes and jewellery there.
- I love watching my team play in this place.
- It’s got dinosaur skeletons and prehistoric artefacts.
Look at the photos, what do you know about Pompeii?
2. Read the text and check your ideas from exercise 1.
In AD 70 Pompeii was a large town in Italy. There were 20,000 inhabitants. On the evening of August 24th AD 79 there was a very big volcanic eruption. The eruption destroyed the town.
Today Pompeii is a UNESCO World Heritage site. This is how it looks today, it’s an open-air museum and it’s very popular with tourists. The town is in ruins but you can still see the remains of the streets and the houses. You can imagine life two thousand years ago! You can also see people and animals preserved by the volcanic ash – frozen in time.
Before the volcanic eruption Pompeii was a very busy town. There were shops, squares and markets. There were schools and an enormous amphitheatre – a type of ancient football stadium. Today people go to the cinema or watch football. In Roman times the amphitheatre was a very important place in the town. On special days it was full of people, gladiators and lions!
3. Read the text about Pompeii again, choose the correct answer.
1) Pompeii today is…
a) a modern city. b) a museum.
2) Before the volcano Pompeii was…
a) a busy town. b) in ruins.
3) In Pompeii AD 79 there were…
a) shops and schools. b) football stadiums.
4) In the amphitheatre there were…
a) gladiator fights b) markets.
|FACT: The volcanic eruption of Mount Vesuvius continued for six hours
covering the people and buildings of Pompeii with ash and rock to a depth
of 25 metres!!
Pompeii was a very busy town.
Do you remember the verb to be in the present? (am/is/are) Well this is the same but easier because there are only two forms to remember.
|I/He/She/it was||I/He/She/it wasn’t|
|We/You/They were||We/You/They weren’t|
|Was I/he/she/it?||Yes, I/he/she/it was.
No, I/he/she/it wasn’t.
|Were we/you/they?||Yes, we/you/they were.
No, we/you/they weren’t.
Winston Churchill was an important politician in Great Britain.
Michael Jackson wasn’t a brilliant rally driver.
The Visigoths weren’t a famous football team.
The Romans were a very artistic society.
1. Complete the sentences with was or were.
- Shakespeare ……………. an important English writer.
- Christopher Columbus and Vasco de Gama …………….. famous explorers.
- Neil Armstrong …………… an American astronaut.
- Rome and Athens …………….. capitals of the world in the past.
- Stonehenge …………….. an important place in prehistoric Britain.
- The population of Madrid …………… 950,000 in 1900.
2. Rewrite the sentences with a negative and the information in brackets.
ex. Barack Obama’s father was from America. – Barak Obama’s father wasn’t from America, he was from Kenya.
- Salvador Dali and Pablo Picasso were actors. (painters)
- The Second World was from 1914 – 1918. (1939 – 1945)
- William Shakespeare and Miguel de Cervantes were football players. (writers)
- Pompeii was destroyed in AD 134. (AD 79)
There was / there were
A hundred years ago in tortosa there were shops squares and markets.
Do you remember there is/are in the present? This is the same in the past tense.
|singular||There was a volcanic eruption.||There wasn’t a cinema.|
|plural||There were shops and markets.||There weren’t any stadiums.|
|singular||Was there a market?||Yes, there was.
No, there wasn’t.
|plural||Were there any gladiators?||Yes, there were.
No, there weren’t.
5. Write sentences with the information about Pompeii. Use there was/were.
|football stadium an amphitheatre houses an open-air museum
markets car parks schools cinemas
example: There wasn’t a football stadium in Pompeii in AD 79.
6. Now complete the questions with was there/were there.
- ……………….. a football match on TV last night?
- ………………… any tests or exams at school last week?
- ………………… a lot of homework to do yesterday?
- ………………… any people in the skatepark at the weekend?